MARKHAM FAMILY PHOTOGRAPHS c1900

The following photographs are reproduced by kind permission of the Markham family and The Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science. The ref. number of the file to which the photos relate is: Markham 21/8

Strict copyright rules apply.

The baby is Joyous, Arthur's only daughter, born at Stuffynwood Hall July 1902. Her father, Arthur Basil Markham, is holding her proudly on her 1st birthday at the front of Stuffynwood Hall, which would date the photo to July 1903. Arthur Markham won the Mansfield seat in 1900 becoming a Liberal MP, a seat he held for 16 years until his sudden, premature death on August 5th, 1916 aged just 50 years. Sadly, Joyous died in child birth aged just 28. On 10th July 1911, Arthur Markham was made Markham of Arusha, East Africa and the title of 1st Baronet. On his death, the hireditary title passed to his eldest son, Charles, who became the 2nd Baronet.

Sir Arthur Markham is famous for his lone stand against the war office over their recruitment of under-age boy soldiers during WWI. He was also a great friend and ally of David Lloyd George, whom at the time of Arthur's death, was Munitions Minister. Lloyd-George's dynamic style elevated him to PM soon after but it was Arthur Markham's tireless work that enabled endless amounts of coal to be delivered to the armament factories.

This family shot at Stuffynwood Hall, has Charles Paxton Markham seated fussing the dog. Charles & Arthurs's mother, Rosa, standing middle, the daughter of Sir Joseph Paxton, the famous builder of the Great Exhibition Centre, Crystal Palace, built in Hyde Park, London in 1851 - it became the Victorian's symbol of British engineering dominance. Paxton, was the engineer/architect employed by the Duke of Devonshire, to redesign Chatsworth Gardens and build the tropical glasshouses. It is said that Paxton, realising that the giant lilypads, growing in the tropical glasshouses could take his weight, copied the pattern of the pads' spines into his design to give the roof of the glass-palace, unique load bearing strength. Seated to the left is Violet Markham, a Liberal activist and staunch ally of the working class. Seated to the right is the baby's mother, Lucy. The Markhams were very wealthy, successful Victorian engineers who pioneered mechanisation in British coalfields, iron & steel and shipbuilding industries. Both sons did their engineering apprenticeships in their father's coalmine, at the face, their father insisting that they learnt hands on - a policy that enabled them to earn great respect from their employees, which, in one local press report, was 40,000 men!
Charles Paxton Markham sat in this very early automobile at the rear of Stuffynwood Hall July 1903. Charles would have been 38 and 15 years at the helm of Staveley Coal & Iron Company. The same year he became Chairman of Broad Oak Engineering, which later became Markham Engineering - a company he bought from the receiver in 1889. Ten years after this picture was taken he opened a Ford Model T franchise, which he later sold to Kennings.

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